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Simple Alcohol Detector Meter Circuit using MQ-3 Sensor Module

The simple alcohol sensor circuit discussed here will accurately sense the emanation of alcohol gas from a selected source, such as from the mouth of a drunkard, when used as a breathalyzer. It's cheap and a useful device which can be used by all authorized personnel such as a cops or traffic police for nabbing drunken drivers or miscreants.

Initially I thought of using an Arduino for the experiment, I uploaded the code in my Arduino Uno, but then realized it was simply not necessary since it could be effectively implemented with a simple LM3915 circuit, and therefore dropped the Arduino idea and proceeded with the design as described below.

prototype image of alcohol detector meter circuit using MQ-3

Main Modules


The main circuit modules required for the proposed alcohol tester circuit are an LM3915 based LED bar graph circuit and an MQ-3 sensor module.

For my experiment I purchased the entire MQ module, but actually only the sensor is enough, and would do the job efficiently.

Regarding MQ-3 Module

A standard MQ-3 Alcohol Sensor module will basically consist of an orange MQ-3 sensor, and an LM393 based comparator circuit as shown below.

MQ-3 sensor module digital PCB circuit schematic


The operation of the module is pretty simple. When the sensor is brought near an alcohol or ethanol source, the voltage level at the input pin#2 of the comparator goes above the reference pin#3, causing the output to go low. The green LED Illuminates to confirm the results.

Module Pinouts


The following image elaborately shows the specs and the working details of a standard sensor module pinouts:


MQ-3 sensor Module component pinout details and preset working

LM3915 LED Bar Graph Indicator


In the present design we use the popular LM3915 bar graph LED circuit for detecting the alcohol level from the MQ-3 sensor. The basic signal detector circuit diagram can be seen below:

basic LM3915 signal detector LED driver configuration


Now let's see how the MQ-3 sensor could be integrated with the above LED indicator circuit for implementing the proposed alcohol meter circuit.

how the MQ-3 sensor could be integrated with LM3915 IC LED indicator circuit

How the Circuit Works


The working of the alcohol/ethanol detector meter is very straightforward.

When the MQ-3 sensor detects the presence of alcohol molecules, the voltage at its output pin begins rising.

Depending on the concentration of the alcohol or ethanol, the output voltage keeps rising and stabilizes at the highest detected level.

This rise in potential is captured by the input pin#5 of the LM3915 circuit and is appropriately interpreted by sequentially illuminating the attached 10 LED bar-graph meter.

Any Initial Setups


No setting up procedures are required for the sensor except the 10K preset in the LM3915 circuit.

Without the sensor connected, adjust the preset such that only the green LED illuminates, which will be indicating zero level of alcohol in the finalized circuit.

The Entire Module or Just the Sensor


If you are wondering whether the entire MQ-3 module is required or simply the sensor block can be used, the answer is either will do.

However the entire module being costlier, just the orange colored MQ sensor is all that could be needed for the purpose. The pinout details of the sensor can be visualized below:

How to Identify the MQ-3 pins

If you are having difficulty in identifying the pinouts of a naked MQ-3 sensor, the following image will provide a clear idea regarding its details.

Identifying the MQ-3 pins and specifications


If you have any further questions please feel free to ask them through the comment box.

Video Demonstration



Need Help? Please leave a comment, I'll get back soon with a reply!




Comments

  1. I think you guys are doing a great job with the circuits that you send out I really think it is great.[ Thanks] just keep up the good work I hope that everyone on eBay likes the work you do as well as I do

    ReplyDelete
  2. Glad you liked my work, Thank you for sharing your views!

    ReplyDelete
  3. I am eswarabalan from tamilnadu how much rate for new arduino code

    ReplyDelete
  4. Sir,

    Can you please tell me the difference between active and passive components; dependant and independant voltage sources and current.
    Thanking you,

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hello blackbox,

    Active components are mostly referred to electronic components which are built using semiconductors, such as diodes, transistors, optocouplers etc, while passive are those which do not have semiconductor as an ingredient such as capacitor, resistors, pot, crystals etc.

    Dependent voltage source are those which have their own fixed or specified current and voltage ratings and content, example battery, while dependent source are those that are dependent on an external source such as windmill, solar energy, AC/DC adapter etc.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Sir,

    Thanks a lot for the simple and clear explanation.Have a great evening.

    Regards,

    ReplyDelete

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