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120 Watt Amplifier Circuit using TDA 2030 IC

An impressive 120 watt amplifier circuit can be built by cascading a couple of TDA 2030 IC in a bridged tied load (BTL) configuration  and through a few current boosting transistors.

Advantage of a BTL Amplifier Topology


The main objective of a BTL configuration is to enable a two way operation of the load which in turn helps to increase a two fold increase in the efficiency level of the system. It's equivalent to a full bridge network which we normally find in inverters.



Image Courtsey: Elektor Electronics


The complete circuit diagram for the proposed BTL 120 watt amplifier circuit using two TDA 2030 ICs can be seen in the above diagram.

Simulation and Working


IC1 and IC2 are the two TDA2030 ICs rigged in a bridged tied load configuration which means the these two IC s now conduct in tandem in response to the high and low amplitudes of the input frequency and drive the loudspeaker in a powerful push pull mode.

For example when IC1 output may be delivering a high output to the speakers, IC2 simultaneously would be delivering a low output and vice versa enabling the required push pull action on the loudspeaker. This means the loudspeaker would be alternately operated with maximum positive and negative supply levels, causing the loudspeaker to work with double efficiency level compared to the normal amplifiers which are not BTL based.

The BJTs T1---T4 are included to boost the current level of the amplifier upto the specified 120 watt RMS, since the IC1, IC2 alone wouldn't be able to do this.

The NPN/PNP output BJTs also complement the BTL topology and help the ICs to achieve the specified amount of power on the loudspeakers.

The various resistors and capacitors around the speaker are introduced to suppress and filter the final outcome on the speaker, and to produce a clean and distortion free audio on the speaker.

Dual Power Supply for the Amplifier


The power supply for this 120 watt BTL amplifier using TDA2030 ICs is derived from a 12-0-12V / 7 amp transformer. whose output is rectified using a bridge rectifier and filtered using the indicated capacitor C8---C11.

The power supply produces a dual +/- 20V / 7 amp output which is mandatorily required for most BTL based amplifier circuits.

Need Help? Please leave a comment, I'll get back soon with a reply!




Comments

  1. I would want to use it for car audio since its single railed. Normally removing the transformer and the power supply stage should do the trick but I realize in this circuit the transformer center tap has made a few connections, IF I was to to run this from just a 12v battery that means I could just replace the center tap connections with battery negative?

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  2. No that may not be possible, you will have to use two 12V bats in series, and use the series joint as the ground for the amplifier, this will replace the center tap rail of the trafo.

    and the +/- from the battery can be used for (+) and the (-) supplies of the amplifier.

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  3. please mention the wattage of the resitors and the voltage raings of the condensors along with a pcb for the 120w amp

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  4. when not mentioned, you can always assume them to be 1/4 watt 5% CFR

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  5. non-polar caps can be all 100V rated and PPC type.

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  6. Hi Swagatam, hope you are doing well. BTW is this amp truly a 120-RMS or 120-Watt, lastly I can replace the two TDA2030 with a TDA2050. Thank you. Regards.

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  7. Hi Lima, it is 120 watt RMS, because along with the IC the load is also handled by the external BJTs, which allows the design to run the specified amount of power continuously without any problems.

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  8. Thank you so very much for your time and help, greatly appreciated:) OK this will be my project for this season:) but I will be using TDA2050 instead of TDA2030. Regards.

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  9. You are most welcome Lima!! hwoever I am not sure whether TDA2050 is pin to pin compatible with TDA2030 or not.

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  10. Yes it is. I have checked their datasheets and they are almost same, the only difference is TDA2050 has a higher input voltage and more wattage power on the output. Some few months ago I have replaced TDA2030 with TDA2050 on my old PC woofer and it still works like a charms:) Thank you. Regards.

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  11. Thank you Swagatam, you are a great man. Regards.

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  12. I have built d this same cct with all d component stated but I found out that on d connection of d speaker something is wrong . guess what happened I smell magic smoke through the speaker and a lot of heat was been generate on each heat zinc so I try to measure voltage and it's 15v+... what I did was I added a cap 1000uf series with d speaker. that's my solution and it work. or any better suggestion sir ?thanks to great icon swagatam

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  13. yes I think you are right. because normally when we operate a single IC we employ a series capacitor otherwise the speaker and the IC can get shorted.
    I will update the circuit soon with a capacitor...thank you for this useful information.

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  14. thanks for the update. well-done boss

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  15. pls give me best fit sub woofer cct that I can couple to it. thanks in advance God bless you

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  16. you can refer to the first 3 links in the following page and build the subwoofer from the given information

    https://homemade-circuits.com/?s=low+pass

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  17. Hi Swagatam please send modified updated ver of this Amplifier With capacitor in series and lm 1875 also works well .it has same pin configuration...or give some hint to update....thanks

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  18. Thanks Waqar, I do not have much idea about the other IC, if you think the pinouts are similar, you can try configuring them in the same fashion as above and see if it works, ....will be great if you could update the results here :)

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  19. Hi sawagatam......can we use 2sc5200&2sa1943....transistor in place of Bd250&bd249 what difference in output wattage.......I am not getting bad series transistor......

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  20. Hi swagatam.thanks for replying....I am not getting bd series transistor.....can I use 2sc 5200 &2sa 1943 toshiba.

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  21. Hi Waqar, Any transistor will work, just make sure the emitter-collector voltage and the maximum current handling capacity of the transistor are adequately higher than the maximum supply voltage of the amplifier.

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  22. Thanks...a lot......send some project for microcontroller burners

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  23. please provide the requirement specs more elaborately. I'll try to get it..

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  24. i made 6 mono amp boards tda2050(fake ics very cheap rs 15)------working sounds very nice good power for my 3 way tower----FUSE I HAVE GIVEN FOR SPEAKER PROTECTION

    but i have a weird tention going on my mind-----

    if amplifier fails suddenly like --inner transistor of chips shorts or overheating or some weird(USING FAKE ICS SO I GUESS THEY DONT HAVE ANY INNER PROTECTION) reason---------IS THERE ANY CHANCE BY WHICH MY INPUT SOUND SOURCE DEVICES AS DESKTOP PC OR MOBILE GETS DAMAGED ?

    IF SO THEN PROTECTION---------

    --------THANK YOU

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  25. you can use an LM35 relay circuit and use it to switch OFF when the temperature exceeds a certain level:
    https://homemade-circuits.com/lm35-circuit/

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  26. in ab amp as tda 2050-----when i play songs---i usually do not raise volume above 50%--------it becomes too loud------------but in english 5.1 movies downloaded from internet---most of time aac audio-----------volume so low-------i have to put 100% volume---------to make it equal to songs sound level earlier written-----------both cases sound decibel approx same----

    1-------------in these 2 cases--what do you think in which case power output will be more ?

    2--------i dont have ac meter to measure current---basic multimeter measure ac volts, dc amps/volts-------can i measure ac current of amp output with dc multimeter ?

    ------------thank you

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  27. you can compare the current by measuring it in series with the DC supply to the circuit....if the input source is low, the amplifier will also generate lower output.

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  28. i have 2 transformers-----same type-----15 v 6a ---each---------

    can i join the 0 v of each to make dual rail supply of 15-0-15 v 6a for amplifier ?

    --------thank you

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  29. that may no be possible because the phase direction can be different in their winding and will need to be matched before connecting, I am not sure what can be the consequences if it is not matched.

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  30. pls direct or gv me an 2030 amp cct that can be used for sub woofer cct without center tap transformer. which I can power it wit 12V 7AH battery

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  31. I will do some online search and update it if I happen to find the required design...

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  32. note.
    if u want good output add 25v 1000uf cap in series with d speaker and it also protect ur ic. and also never use same heat zinc for all ic and transistor .Q1, Q2 can be together on a heat zinc and Q3 ,Q4 on another zinc also different heat zinc for each ic .if u use it, it means u hv short cct d output. d ic is grounded to heat zinc already and transistors collector shouldn't be connected on the same heat zinc. I wish u good luck...please u cn add it up in d write up @ swagatam .thanks in advance

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  33. Thank you very much Jesubiyi, appreciate your concern and the notes....

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  34. sir please I want to include switch to ur cct but I don't want it at d primary side of xformer. am confused which place to place my switch Bcos here is two voltage source. -ive and +ive &grnd .fear here... I don't want to burn my ic... sometimes I don't use to unplug it till Lite goes. lite may come over mid night heavy sound wake everyone up. I Don build toggle switch with 4017ic. that ll reset d relay off (NC) until I press d switch on.

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  35. Jesubiyi,
    for the secondary side you can use a DPDT relay, connect its coil via one of the supplies of the trafo...and connect +/- supplies of the relay via the pole and N/O contacts of the relay....

    However switch should be always at the primary side so that the transformer also gets switched off, otherwise your transformer will be always ON and consume some current even while the amp is switched OFF, so it is better to put the switch at the primary side only....twin switch won't be required, just a single SPDT will be enough at the primary side.

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  36. correction:

    …and connect the +/- supply lines of the amplifier via the pole and N/O contacts of the relay….

    "

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  37. " so it is better to put the switch at the primary side only….twin switch won’t be required, just a single SPDT will be enough at the primary side."
    thanks for the light. I have a reason with you. I make small transformerless cct to power the relay and 4017ic and make the switch at the primary side. DPDT relay is not available yet.

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  38. …and connect the +/- supply lines of the amplifier via the pole and N/O contacts of the relay….
    I understand what you are saying. thanks so much. I want you to help me select d best *wattage* amps that I should build with it that voice will come out clean that ll feet with 120watt sub woofer cct.... sir how can I measure wattage of an amp? thanks in advanced.

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  39. thanks jesubiyi,

    you can try the following concept for measuring power of amp

    https://www.homemade-circuits.com/make-this-amplifier-power-meter-circuit/

    you can use the following circuit for making a good power amp

    https://www.homemade-circuits.com/how-to-make-simplest-100-watt-mosfet/

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  40. thanks here I have made it and it worked as I want. I make the switch at the primary side but I build a transformerless circuit to power the relay and 4017 ic. thanks for the knowledge you are sharing always! stay blessed

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  41. You are most welcome! I am glad you could do it with such ease!

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  42. pls how can I reduce or remove d humming sound due to the usage AC power but I power it with battery it was cool and clean sound. thanks so far sir

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  43. try increasing the filter capacitor value to a level which almost eliminates the noise, otherwise you may have to incorporate a notch filter, as explained here

    https://www.homemade-circuits.com/designing-notch-filter-circuits/

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  44. please sir the last capacitor that you added 25V 1000uf sir what is the function? any special name given to such capacitor arrangement.

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  45. thanks for all d knowledge you share us. we really appreciate it sir more grace by God's grace. Is there any 400watt amplifier in your box.

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  46. It is a standard electrolytic capacitor, it is positioned to stop overloading of the speaker and to block DC from entering the speaker

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