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Cell Phone Charger with Timer

A simple cell phone charger with timer circuit is presented in the following article, which could be used for charging a given Mobile phone for a specified predetermined length of time. The idea was requested by Mr. Saad.

Timer Controlled Smart Phone Charger


Could you design me this charger circuit ? Input 230V 60 Hz, and the output 3 USB port for charging Smartphones. What I need in this circuit is a Timer (Three sets of time), 30 mins, 60 mins and 120 mins. So I connect my phone to any of the three usb port and press (on/off) switch then the time start for example 60 mins then the power cut off. Hope you understand my request.

Thanks a lot

Saad Alghamdi

Circuit Diagram



Simulation and Working


The proposed cellphone charger circuit with timer can be seen in the above figure, the design primarily comprises of an IC 4060 timer stage and a DC to DC multi cell phone charger stage.

The cell phone charger section is a standard LM338 based charger circuit, wherein the output is bifurcated into 5 individual charging outputs facilitating charging 5nos individual cellphones. From these outputs 3 channels could be utilized for the intended 3 cell phone charging, at a rate of 1500mAH each. The series resistors may be accordingly calculated using Ohms law, as given below

R = V/I = 5/1.5 =  3.33 ohms, 10 watts each

R2 in the LM338 circuit must be appropriately adjusted to achieve around 5V across the output terminals or across C2 terminals.

The timer stage is made up of the IC 4060 whose pinouts are also configured in its standard timer/counter mode.

P1 may be adjusted to get a delay time of around 120 minutes on pin#3, which would allow pin#2 to produce a delay of 60 minutes, and pin#1 a delay of 30 minutes.

Initially when power is applied across the indicated  mains input terminals, the cellphone charger circuit with timer does not respond and stays deactivated.

However, the moment the given push button is pressed, causes the N/O side of the relay to get connected with the other unconnected mains wire.

This momentarily connects the AC  mains with the transformer leads, which in turn powers the rectifier stage enabling a momentary DC supply input for the IC 4060 timer stage.

This momentary supply to the IC 4060 stage activates the counting of the timer, and simultaneously produces an initial zero potential at the base of the relay driver BC557 transistor, switching ON the relay from N/C to N./O points.

As soon as this happens, the relay contacts now take-over the push-to-ON switch connections and allows the AC to flow through these contacts into the transformer primary.

This ensures that, now even if the push button is released, the circuit is able to get latched into the powered position enabling the LM338 to begin charging the attached cell phones and the timer IC 4060 to count the stipulated amount of time via the pot P1.

As soon as the counting of the IC 4060 gets elapsed, pin#3 (pin#1/2 whichever is selected) turns high, switching of the BC557 and the reverting relay contacts from N/O to N/C.

This action instantly switches OFF and disconnects the mains AC from the transformer, deactivating the whole process and bringing the whole system into its original standby position.

This cellphone charger timer circuit could be yet again initiated simply by pressing the push button for the next charging cycle.

Parts List


Resistors, All 1/4 watt 5%

2M2 = 1
22K - 1
10K = 1
1M = 1
120 ohms = 1
1M pot= 1
5K pot = 1

Capacitors
1uF/50V non-polar = 4
0.33uF = 1
470uF/25V = 1
1uF/25V electrolytic = 1

Diodes, 1N4007 = 5
Transistor, BC557 = 1
IC, LM338 = 1

Relay,12V/400 ohm = 1
Push button = 1

Transformer = 0-12V/5 amp

Output resistors as per the given formula

Need Help? Please leave a comment, I'll get back soon with a reply!




Comments

  1. Sir, Thank you for the design.
    Can you add LCD screen showing a Digital countdown of a certain time!

    ReplyDelete
  2. You are welcome Saad,

    You can add the following design for counting the pulses from one of the outputs of the IC 4060 which may be corresponding to seconds or minutes

    https://homemade-circuits.com/2013/11/cascading-ic-4033-in-multiple-digit.html

    ReplyDelete
  3. Would you please add it for me.
    Sorry for bothering you.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Saad, you will have to practically check and identify which pinout of IC 4060 gives the required pulses equivalent to seconds or minutes...but before that you will need to build the 4033 counter circuit successfully....

    ReplyDelete
  5. Thank you Sir. Would you please provide me with the part list!

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hi Saad, I'll try to update the info soon...

    ReplyDelete
  7. how to calculate the resistor and capacitor values for 4hours
    please provide me the formula

    ReplyDelete
  8. what is your battery AH rating??

    ReplyDelete
  9. gud day swagatam.can u help me provide:
    1. a circuit for rechargeable battery operated soldering iron like ISOTIP with adjustable current to vary wattage from 30w to 60w with digital wattage display using 4.2v lithiun or 3.7v 18650 if possible.
    2.circuit for adjustable current to vary wattage soldering iron with digital watts display directly on 220 v. thanx

    ReplyDelete
  10. Good day Dennis, you can accomplish it with a simple IC 555 PW circuit as shown below:

    https://homemade-circuits.com/2012/05/make-this-pwm-based-dc-motor-speed.html

    you can replace the motor with your soldering.

    I do not have a digital watt meter circuit at the moment, however you can use a digital ammeter which will allow you to get reading equivalent to watts...you can calibrate the meter range into watts...so basically it will show amps but the modified calibration will enable it to convert the readings into watts...as per my assumption.

    ReplyDelete
  11. hi swag.thanx for fast response.i just opened my email now since my last message to you. can you help me decide what is the best soldering iron wattage and soldering lead diameter to use
    in pcb's.thanx

    ReplyDelete
  12. and can you help me design a signal booster circuit for laptop and cellphone to boost internet and wifi.thanx

    ReplyDelete
  13. Hi Dennis, I prefer the following type of soldering iron, It is a 25 watt soldering iron which is normally recommended for most sensitive and normal PCB soldering work

    www.dnatechindia.com/image/cache/catalog/Soldron_25Watt_1-500x500.jpg

    ReplyDelete
  14. sorry, I do not have this kind of circuit with me at the moment, and moreover designing such circuits can be really complex...

    ReplyDelete
  15. hi swag,thanx for reply,what i mean was simple wifi signal booster antenna for cellphone or laptop using usb cable.

    ReplyDelete
  16. Hi Dennis, it may be any related item but still it will require a lot of accuracy and calculations to build it...
    by the way I have seen that whenever I sit beside my wifi 4G device it becomes faster...it seems my body acts a like an antenna.

    ReplyDelete
  17. thanx .hope u don't mind me asking for electronic circuits because you are such a BIG HELP . i'm just starting to hook in electronics.till next request.god bless.

    ReplyDelete
  18. you are most welcome Dennis, keep up the good work!

    ReplyDelete
  19. hi swag.i have a rechargeable flahlight with capacitor of 584J 400V .it always puff up.it has no resistor across it.what value should i use.

    ReplyDelete
  20. how to calculate capacitor and resistor in transformerless power supply.thnx

    ReplyDelete
  21. Hi Dennis, It is happening simply because the capacitor is a bad quality capacitor, change it with a good quality one, preferably from some reputed brand. because if it is rated at 400V it can never puff up. the resistor is not compulsory, it may be included to discharge the cap while it is unplugged from mians, to avoid a discharge shock to the user in case he touches the plug pins accidentally.

    ReplyDelete
  22. you can read this

    https://homemade-circuits.com/calculating-capacitor-current-in/

    ReplyDelete
  23. Hello mr. Swagatam,
    Hope you are doing well.
    Would you kindly provide me with a software that I could use to design this circuit.

    Regards.

    ReplyDelete
  24. One more thing, could you edit the design to be UK pluge type which contains 3 pins!

    Hope you help me.

    Thanks.

    ReplyDelete
  25. Hello Saad,

    Do you mean PCB? Sorry I am not practically familiar with any PCB designing software that I can recommend, although you could find plenty if you search online

    ReplyDelete
  26. I mean simulation software.

    Thanks for your response.

    ReplyDelete
  27. the indicated transformer/switch wires will become the inputs for the 220V AC, and a 3rd earthing pin could be included which could be connected with the chassis or the enclosure if a metal enclosure is used, or simply with the body of the transformer.

    ReplyDelete
  28. sorry I do not use simulators, I simulate my circuits in my mind, and according to me the above designis perfect... just needs to be built and tested practically

    ReplyDelete
  29. Sir Good Morning!! could i ask you a image or schematics on what to do with unconnected pin of any IC?
    thank you very much Sir, im sorry to ask because i cant understand when you say it has to be connected to a logic level.

    ReplyDelete
  30. jindro, the inputs of a CMOS IC such as which start with 74XX or, 40XX or 4XXX consist of logic gates in them, for example nand gate, NOT gates etc. When one of these gates are not used or are unconnected, their input pins should be terminated either to the positive line or to the negative supply line...in order to keep them stable.

    ReplyDelete

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