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Flashing Red, Green Railway Signal Lamp

In this post we learn how to make a simple railway signal lamp which can be used by the guards for providing a handheld signalling to the various trains with the many specified signalling modes.

The idea was requested by Mr. Bala.

Technical Specifications

I need a project design for railway led signalling light . The light must have 4 modes. 1) red stable 2) green stable 3) red flashes 4) green flashes also suggest suitable charges for the circuit.

Thanks

bala

The Design

The proposed railway signal lamp circuit using flashing LEDs can be implemented through a simple IC 555 astable circuit as shown below:

Circuit Diagram

Flashing Red, Green Railway Signal Lamp


Referring to the above diagram, the circuit may be understood as explained below:

Simulation and Working

The IC 555 is configured in its standard astable mode which is supposed to generate alternate ON/OFF potential at its pin#3.

The IC is capable and is rated to deliver up to around 200mA current, therefore 1 watt LEDs become suitable for working directly with this pinout of the IC.

Since the 1 watt LEDs are rated to handle 350mA, the available lower amount of current allows the LEDs to work without heatsinks, yet so, with 100mA current the light from these LEDs can be expected to be significantly bright and quite applicable for the requested railway safety signal lamp application.

The 1M pot is used to adjust the flashing rate on the LEDs, while the switches determine the LED operational modes as per the requested specs.

The switches must be SPDT type with CENTER OFF facility.

Toggling the relevant switches downwards produces a constant switched ON response on the LEDs, while toggling them on the lower side allows the LEDs to flash.

The center OFF feature of the switch can be used for keeping the LEDs shut off.

The LEDs must be housed inside high gloss reflector cones for getting an enhanced light output and an increased visibility range.

Need Help? Please leave a comment, I'll get back soon with a reply!




Comments

  1. brilliant circuit. thank you so much . i will do it in practical and give you feed back .

    bala

    ReplyDelete
  2. thank you so much sir, i will do this circuit . after that i will give you feedback .


    bala

    ReplyDelete
  3. dear sir , i did the circuit. it is working wonderful. i have a small request to you that the LED brightness is not enough for my application. kindly do the need full.

    Thank you

    Bala

    ReplyDelete
  4. dear bala,

    take a TIP127 transistor connect its base through a 1K resistor with pin3 of the IC directly, remove the 1N4007 diode, and the blue wire.

    connect its emitter to the positive line.

    connect the blue which was removed earlier with collector of the transistor.

    now change the resistor f the LEDs to 20 ohm or 10 ohm 2 watt each...making sure the LEDs are mounted on large heatsinks

    ReplyDelete
  5. thank you sir , i will try and tell you back .if you have time kindly draw the circuit.

    bala

    ReplyDelete
  6. Please try it, if you find it too difficult, then I may possibly update the drawing in the above article....

    ReplyDelete

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