The post explains a circuit which has the ability to change or transform an individuals unique voice into a completely new form. Written by: Preeti Das

The Circuit Concept


The characteristic tone of  every individuals voice is specifically unique in all circumstances. How often we receive a phone call and simply by listening our interlocutor is able to know immediately who it is on the other side.

In many occasions we are able to recognize the presence of someone in a group or in a social gathering by just hearing to his or her voice, without even seeing the individual.

Would you be interested to change the timbre of a person's voice at will and make it appear to be completely different to other people? Or modify it even like a robot or a being from some  another planet?

The proposed digital voice changer circuit is exactly designed to do this for you, and quite more.

Based on a voice modulator technology from HOLTEK, this voice changer chip digitally processes the fed voice signal in real time.

It does this by shifting the frequency spectrum associated with the voice therewith, upwards or downwards in seven incremental steps and the resultant output is heard as relatively much thinner or thicker in its frequency.

The result can be compared to that obtained a playback speed of a vocal information recorded on a tape is increased or decreased, except that it  does without affecting or distorting the sped of the speech, additionally it also adds two special sound effects: vibrato and robot to a sample speech.

The first feature amongst the two modifies your voice with more tremulous while the second influences it simulating a robot kind of voice.

However under both the outputs the voice is fed to the IC through a standard electret microphone and the dimensioned output is reproduced through  a dynamic speaker.

The entire system operates from a 9V battery.

Circuit Diagram



How it Works


The HT8950 includes, among other functional blocks of an amplifier with internal polarization microphone, an A / D of 8 bits, a static RAM (SRAM) and a D / A converter 8 bits.

The A / D and D / A work at a sampling rate of 8Khz, more than enough to cover the spectrum of the human voice (3Khz) and provides an output quality and very high signal to noise ratio (SNR) .

The following table summarizes the function of each pin for HT8950A version.No.

HT8950A Pinout Details


FUNCTION1

OSC1 input of the oscillator2

VIB input mode selector vibrato3

TGU step input selector UP4

TGD input selector step DOWN5

ROB Input Selector mode step ROBOT6

VSS negative supply line (GND)7

NC Not connected8

A0 output internal amplifier9

AIN input of the internal amplifier10

VDD Positive Power Line11

LED LAMP Output for volume12

AUDIO Audio Output13

VREF Reference voltage internal amplifier14

TS chip test input15

FVIB control output frequency vibrato16

OSC2 output of the oscillatorIn

Digital Voice Modulator


The system consists basically of a digital voice modulator and an audio amplifier, developed around respectively the chip IC1 (HT8950A) and IC2 (LM386I) the user's voice is captured by an electret microphone (MIC1) and reproduced normally or frequency offset in a dynamic speaker (SPK1). The entire assembly operates from a 9V battery (B1).

After being captured by the microphone, the voice signal is applied to the internal amplifier HT8950 through R4 C2 network.

The voltage gain of this amplifier, which is an open loop is typically equal to 2000, determined R3 (feedback resistor) and R4 (input resistance), being of the order of 8.3 times.

Resistors R5 and R7, together with the capacitor C4, the biasing conditions provide the electret element.An amplified and limited in bandwidth time, the injected HT8950 voice signal to the A / D bits where internal 8 is digitized at a nominal sampling rate of 8Khz. The sampling signal generator produces a time base, in turn controlled by an oscillator.

The frequency of the latter, which is about 512Khz, is determined by R2.After digitized voice signal is stored in a static RAM (SRAM), also controlled by the time base generator, a control circuit extracts information from the RAM and transferred to a latching register.

From the latter, the speech signal goes to a D / A converter the 8-bit reset to its original analog form or shifted frequency spectrum. This signal is available on the AUDIO output (pin 12).

Depending on the speed with which the SRAM data to the D / A are delivered, the original signal is reproduced with or without offset frequency spectrum.

This condition depends on the selected step by push-button switches S2 type (UP) and S3 (DOWN).

Especially, with every touch, move the speech spectrum S2 step up and S3 moves it a step down. In both cases, the sequence is cyclically repeated, as shown in Figure 3.

Once converted to its analog form, the speech signal is applied through C3 R8-network to a LM386 (IC2) amplifier, responsible for guiding the speaker (SPK1) and make it audible.

The resistor R6 acts as a pull-down of the D / A HT8950 internal current mode and trimmer R9 as master volume control system. Other components comply auxiliary functions.

D1 particularly limits the supply voltage to a safe value HT8950 (below 2.8V) and R1 vibrato frequency fixed at 8 Hz, approximately.

List of  Materials


Resistance (1 / 4W 5%)

R1-100K

R2-47K

R3-39K

R4, R5, R6-4,7K

R7-470

R8-8,2K

R9-5K, Trimmer, 1 lap

Capacitors

C1-4,7uF / 16V electrolytic

C2-0,47uF (474), ceramic

C3, C5-0,1uF (104), ceramic.

C4, C6, C7-220uF / 16V, electrolytic.

Semiconductors

Zener diode D1-6,2V / 0.5W

Integrated CircuitsModulator voice IC1- HT8950A

IC2- LM386 audio amplifier

Transducers MIC1- electret microphone, miniature

SPK1- Speaker 8 / 0.25W

Electromechanical

S1, ..., S4-push-button switches Miniature NAJ1- type connector for 9V battery snap.

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