Playing a Melody Using the Tone() function in Arduino

In this Arduino tutorial we’ll learn how to execute the tone() command for producing musical notes. The configuration will play a tiny musical tone that could be familiar to you.

 



 

Required Hardware for the Project


Arduino BoardLoud speaker – 8 Ohm 1 inchResistor – 100 ohmsHook-up wires

Procedure:


It’s rather too straightforward and requires one of the speaker wires to be integrated with  pin8 via the 100 ohm resistor, and the other wire to the ground or the negative rail of the supply, as indicated the following schematic:



Image Courtesy: https://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/Tone

The Programming Code


You will see an additional file (pitches.h) being included in the code. The file is preprogrammed with the tone pitch values of a few standard musical tunes.

To be more precise, you could find NOTE_C4 is middle C. NOTE_FS4 is F sharp and in the like manner. The programme of the following attached note table was originally formulated by Brett Hagman, according to which the tone() command was formed.

The data becomes handy whenever an application demands the production of a musical note within an Arduino configuration. The fundamental sketch may be learned as given under:

/*
Melody

Plays a melody

circuit:
* 8-ohm speaker on digital pin 8

created 21 Jan 2010
modified 30 Aug 2011
by Tom Igoe

This example code is in the public domain.

https://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/Tone

*/
#include "pitches.h"
// notes in the melody:
int melody[] =
{
NOTE_C4, NOTE_G3,NOTE_G3, NOTE_A3, NOTE_G3,0, NOTE_B3,
NOTE_C4};
// note durations: 4 = quarter note, 8 = eighth note, etc.:
int noteDurations[] = {
4, 8, 8, 4,4,4,4,4 };
void setup()
{
// iterate over the notes of the melody:
for (int
thisNote = 0;
thisNote < 8;
thisNote++) {
// to calculate the note duration, take one
second
// divided by the note type.
//e.g. quarter note = 1000 / 4, eighth note =
1000/8, etc.
int noteDuration = 1000/noteDurations[thisNote];
tone(8, melody[thisNote],noteDuration);
// to distinguish the notes, set a minimum time
between them.
// the note's duration + 30% seems to work well:
int pauseBetweenNotes =
noteDuration * 1.30;
delay(pauseBetweenNotes);
// stop the tone playing:
noTone(8);
}
}
void loop()
{
// no need to repeat the melody.
In order to create the pitches.h file you’ll need to click
on the “new Tab” button which may look like this: →    And simply paste the following code in it:/*************************************************
* Public Constants
*************************************************/
#define NOTE_B0  31
#define NOTE_C1  33
#define NOTE_CS1 35
#define NOTE_D1  37
#define NOTE_DS1 39
#define NOTE_E1  41
#define NOTE_F1  44
#define NOTE_FS1 46
#define NOTE_G1  49
#define NOTE_GS1 52
#define NOTE_A1  55
#define NOTE_AS1 58
#define NOTE_B1  62
#define NOTE_C2  65
#define NOTE_CS2 69
#define NOTE_D2  73
#define NOTE_DS2 78
#define NOTE_E2  82
#define NOTE_F2  87
#define NOTE_FS2 93
#define NOTE_G2  98
#define NOTE_GS2 104
#define NOTE_A2  110
#define NOTE_AS2 117
#define NOTE_B2  123
#define NOTE_C3  131
#define NOTE_CS3 139
#define NOTE_D3  147
#define NOTE_DS3 156
#define NOTE_E3  165
#define NOTE_F3  175
#define NOTE_FS3 185
#define NOTE_G3  196
#define NOTE_GS3 208
#define NOTE_A3  220
#define NOTE_AS3 233
#define NOTE_B3  247
#define NOTE_C4  262
#define NOTE_CS4 277
#define NOTE_D4  294
#define NOTE_DS4 311
#define NOTE_E4  330
#define NOTE_F4  349
#define NOTE_FS4 370
#define NOTE_G4  392
#define NOTE_GS4 415
#define NOTE_A4  440
#define NOTE_AS4 466
#define NOTE_B4  494
#define NOTE_C5  523
#define NOTE_CS5 554
#define NOTE_D5  587
#define NOTE_DS5 622
#define NOTE_E5  659
#define NOTE_F5  698
#define NOTE_FS5 740
#define NOTE_G5  784
#define NOTE_GS5 831
#define NOTE_A5  880
#define NOTE_AS5 932
#define NOTE_B5  988
#define NOTE_C6  1047
#define NOTE_CS6 1109
#define NOTE_D6  1175
#define NOTE_DS6 1245
#define NOTE_E6  1319
#define NOTE_F6  1397
#define NOTE_FS6 1480
#define NOTE_G6  1568
#define NOTE_GS6 1661
#define NOTE_A6  1760
#define NOTE_AS6 1865
#define NOTE_B6  1976
#define NOTE_C7  2093
#define NOTE_CS7 2217
#define NOTE_D7  2349
#define NOTE_DS7 2489
#define NOTE_E7  2637
#define NOTE_F7  2794
#define NOTE_FS7 2960
#define NOTE_G7  3136
#define NOTE_GS7 3322
#define NOTE_A7  3520
#define NOTE_AS7 3729
#define NOTE_B7  3951
#define NOTE_C8  4186
#define NOTE_CS8 4435
#define NOTE_D8  4699
#define NOTE_DS8 4978


 

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Comments

Krish said…
Will using a 8 Ohm speaker be better than using a piezo speaker that is usually used? Thanks.
Swagatam said…
it can be tried, i am not sure which one would produce better results

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