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LED "Halogen" Lamp for Motorbike Headlamp

The post explains a simple 21 watt LED lamp circuit module which can be used as a direct replacement for a standard halogen lamp used in motorcycles headlamp.

LED vs Halogen Lamp


The proposed "halogen" LED lamp replacement module image can be seen below:




Conventional filament type halogen lamp is shown below:


The image at the top shows an example LED lamp replacement for a standard halogen bulb fitting shown below it.

With the easy and extensive availability of LEds, today it's quite possible to make any desired LED lamp module at home for replacing other forms of less efficient lamp options.

So here we'll discuss how to make the proposed halogen LED lamp replacement circuit. Let's learn the procedures:

Referring to the above image, we can see the LEDs are wired over 7 separate PCBs and then wired together to form one single module.

How to Assemble the Circuit


Each board can be seen with 3 LEDs each, constituting a total of 21 LEDs.

3nos LEDs are selected because the supply 12V available from the vehicle allows only 3nos to be connected in series, and series connection facilitates sharing the same current across the three LEDs.

Now since more than 3nos. of LEds cannot be accommodated in series, 7 such strings are connected in parallel with each other for achieving the desired 21 watts.

The above assembly must be done over a well designed heatsink cored glass epoxy PCB.

The entire configuration may be tightly fixed over an thick hexagonal aluminum cylindrical former or base to form the proposed halogen LED module unit. The aluminum will hep to sink the generated heat from the LEDs.

A Current Limiter is Essential


The above unit will strictly require a current controlled driver circuit which can be understood with the following points:

We once again take the help of the versatile LM338 IC for the required current control function.

Referring to the circuit diagram we ca see it in it's simplest current limiting mode. The LEDs consume around 2.5 amps together which is never allowed to exceed by the IC keeping the unit safe from the issue.



The above design can be upgraded with a Dimming option, as shown below:







Aluminum mount (for heatsink) or base design for fixing the LED PCB assembly




Efficiency Comparison between Motorcycle Halogen Lamp and LED Lamp


<<<<Output----------------Halogen Lamp--------LED Halogen Lamp>>>>

  • Nominal wattage----------55 watts-----------------------21 watts

  • Nominal voltage-----------12V----------------------------12V

  • Test voltage----------------13.2V--------------------------13.2V

  •  Color temperature -------3200K ------------------------6000K

  •  Luminous flux-------------1500lm------------------------2500lm





Need Help? Please leave a comment, I'll get back soon with a reply!




Comments

  1. Hi. Mr Swagatam.
    There are 3 pin outs of the Head lamp bulb.
    So How its Dimm the head lamp?

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi Kapila,

    The above design does not include a Dimming feature, but it can be easily modified with that feature. It can be done by providing a higher value resistor selection option for reducing current input from the IC, for dimming the LEDs.

    I'll try to update it soon.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi Swagatam,
    Is there any way to make 1 W led driver using 12V DC? I mean atleast powering upto 10-12 LEDs in series, i have gone through your other driver circuits but I would like to power up more than 10-12 at a time, please let me know your thoughts and if possible, the circuit. Thanks in Advance.
    Rajthilak K

    ReplyDelete
  4. Hi Rajtilak,

    you can try this circuit, the coil will need to be experimented a bit,:

    https://homemade-circuits.com/2012/09/led-emergency-light-circuit-using-boost.html

    For the coil you can try 22SWG wire wound inside a torroid ferrite core with 20 turns.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hi all,
    Thank you very much for the shared information. I am planning to make a head lamp using the above circuit diagram. I want to make it with a dimmer circuit as shown in circuit no 2. I am fitting it on my Honda Unicorn. Unicorn draws power directly from the alternator. I will be using Philips 1 watt high performance LEDs. I have check the pinout diagram of LM 338 but there is no pin called Adj.
    1) What is Adj pin in IC 338?
    2) Can I draw power from the alternator or draw power from battery/
    3) I have learnt that a LED driver circuit is required to drive a cluster of LEDs. Is it true?
    Kindly revert asap,
    Thank you.
    Ajay

    ReplyDelete
  6. 1) check LM338 datasheet, you will get the correct pinout diagram in it.
    2) Power can be drawn from the alternator as long as it's connected with the battery also.
    3)The above design is a current controlled LED driver circuit.

    ReplyDelete
  7. a fully charged battery will give around 13 v and when the vehicle is running the batt voltage varies from 13 v to 16 v (as most automotive dc regulators are capped at 16 v.) so can we wire up the leds without the limiting resistor and 4nos in series with lm 338 wired to deliver current a bit lesser than the total forward current of the leds?? thanks

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  8. for a single string it will do but when more parallel strings are involved individual resistors become necessary for uniform distribution of current through the strings.

    ReplyDelete
  9. then could we wire 4 white leds per string in series with a 47 ohm resistor (for 8mm led 20 ma current, taking 14.5v batt voltage) looking for making led tail light. thanks.

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  10. if it satisfies the calculations then yes it can be done.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Can this be use for high and low light control in normal car headlight

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  12. yes it could used but the light would be relatively insufficient for a car headlight application

    ReplyDelete
  13. i have a 20v 3amp DC out; can i use 50ohm 2watt resistor in series for a single LED 3watt

    ReplyDelete
  14. R = 20 - 3.3/0.9 = 18.55 ohm

    W = (20 - 3.3) x 0.9 = 15 watt

    please refer to the above specs...you'll need around 20 ohm, 15 watt resistor for the said implementation

    ReplyDelete
  15. thanks for the suggestion and for the prompt response; thanks once again !!!!

    ReplyDelete
  16. Hello sir i am trying to make AC 1 watt led bulb like 6.2 v 3 amp miniature lamp or festival decoration lamp so it will be easy to solder led without seeing plus and minus of leds so pls rpls ......and Thanks in advance

    ReplyDelete
  17. Hello sir i am trying to make AC 1 watt bulb like 6.2 v 3 amp miniature lamp ......so it will be easy to solder led in series without seeing plus and minus of led so pls help ...........Thanks in Advance

    ReplyDelete
  18. hello basit, I did not quite understand, where and how do you intend to solder the LEDs??

    ReplyDelete
  19. Sir actually I want to make 100 nos of led toran of 2 array each array of 50 leds I am trying to convert leds in AC bulbs like 6.2 v festival decoration lamps so that's my question sir

    ReplyDelete
  20. You can use the following circuit, and simply connect the two arrays in parallel across the outputs:

    https://homemade-circuits.com/2012/04/how-to-make-led-bulb-circuit.html

    ReplyDelete
  21. Thanks for ur prompt reply bt sir can we run the LEDs without the circuit by adding some ics to each led.......... I want to run it direct on 230v AC without any circuit like festival series lamps

    ReplyDelete
  22. LEDs are different from filament bulbs, without capacitor the LEDs will start blowing off with slightest voltage fluctuations if connected directly or through resistors. therefore the recommended capacitive circuit has to be used with it.

    ReplyDelete
  23. So we cannot make AC led Series bulbs

    ReplyDelete
  24. you'll have to include the high voltage isolating capacitor, rest of the components can be eliminated.

    make two 50 LED series and connect their opposite ends together, meaning the anode end of one series should be connected with the cathode end of the other series in both the ends.


    now simply connect one end of this assembly to one of the mains terminals while the other to the other mains terminal through a high voltage capacitor.

    the whole set up will be too dangerous to touch, exercise adequate caution.

    ReplyDelete
  25. While connecting the LEDs in series it is important to see cathode and anode terminal, my question is that sequence of terminals really matters.?? Can I connect the LEDs in series in any manner without seeing the positive negative terminal?

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  26. yes for LEDs must be always connected by observing correct polarity especially when connected in series, even if a single LED is connected in reverse the whole array will remain shut off or may get damaged.

    ReplyDelete
  27. sir which led have to be use i mean led number, or can i use smd led 5730 with your resistor value. wating for your reply sir

    ReplyDelete
  28. Sameer, the circuit shows a set up for SMD 1 watt LEDs, for other LEDs you'll need to calculate the resistors accordingly

    please read the following article for more info regarding the subject:

    https://homemade-circuits.com/2013/06/universal-high-watt-led-current-limiter.html

    ReplyDelete
  29. Swagatam you have shown 21 leds which are producing lumen between 1500-2500 lumen...if we calculate lumen per led it makes atleast 71 lumens for a single led....could you plz guide where to procure such high lumen led's and what is estimated price for them.....

    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  30. Hello sir,
    I need your help i made a bike led bulb
    I installed 2 led of 20 waat and 3 led of 12 waat
    Please help me to design it's circuit because when we connect direct to battery it will turned on it will heat and fused after some time so give me correct circuit diagram please help me

    ReplyDelete
  31. Hello Abhishek, any high watt LED will get burnt if proper heatsink and current regulator are not used with it.

    You will need to mount them on large heatsinks and inset the following explained current regulator between the supply and the LEDs:

    https://homemade-circuits.com/2013/06/universal-high-watt-led-current-limiter.html

    ReplyDelete
  32. Sir meri ap se request hay k ap aisi led headlight circuit design karain motorcycle k liye jis ki roshni bohot tezz ho or wo without battery pe chalain bike ki power pe mere matlab hay k meri bike me abhi battery nahi hay laikin jb bike start hoti hay tu light on ho jati hay laikin wo shayad ac source hay or wo acceleration pe depend hay zyada acceleration ho gi tu zyada tezz light chalti hay please aisa kuch design karain

    ReplyDelete
  33. Syed, you can try using a bank of super-capacitors with the supply after rectification using a bridge rectifier, this will probably help the LEDs to produce a constant glow regardless of the motorcycle speed.

    ReplyDelete
  34. Sir thank u for reply, Sir can u please tell me the value of capacitors and bridge rectifier and after this what component used?

    ReplyDelete
  35. Syed, please specify the LED wattage, that will help me to figure out the bridge rating and also the capacitor value roughly....please remember that super capacitors are very costly...but are almost permanent

    ReplyDelete
  36. Sir any alternate of super capacitor? And i think led current is about 0.45 amp

    ReplyDelete
  37. 0.45amps looks quite small for the headlights, it should be at least 2 amps, you can use 1N5408 diodes for the bridge rectifier and for the capacitors you can try 4 nos of 6800uF/25V in parallel,

    ReplyDelete
  38. Hello sir,

    I am trying to bi-color LED (Warm and Glow) to change the color from warm to glow by using the dimmer circuit. That's different than changing the brightness by the dimmer.
    I gave an idea to do that but I need help here. My idea when you use the regular dimmer the warm LEDs will start light up until it get full brightness and the glow lEDs will be at full brightness and as you use the dimmer it will bright down until get OFF. Do you have any idea how i can achieve that.

    Thanks in advance,

    ReplyDelete
  39. Hello David,

    In simple words you want a dimmer circuit that can implement a smooth transition of the LED illumination from warm white to cool white and vice versa through the control of the dimmer circuit.... right?

    ReplyDelete
  40. helo, i want to replace, bike 35w halogen bulb to 20w LED..What diode do i need to use, to make the bridge rectifier nd also the capacitor value for the same. thanks

    ReplyDelete
  41. hello, you can use 6A4 diodes for the bridge, and a 6800uF/35V caapcitor

    ReplyDelete
  42. im wondering if there is a replacement part LM338, LM338 is difficult to get in where I live, more than 20 electronics store I was looking but they do not have. is there any substitute LM338 IC, and IC series what to replace, thanks in advance (sorry bad english,im using google translate)

    ReplyDelete
  43. sorry there's no direct replacement for this IC, alternatively you can try the following discrete method of replicating this IC

    https://homemade-circuits.com/2012/01/how-to-make-versatile-variable-voltage.html

    ReplyDelete
  44. ic LM338 hard to get so i want replace it with LM317,with LM338 we can wire 7nos and the question is how much nos of the leds when i use LM317?i need your help.thanks in advance.

    ReplyDelete
  45. 3 strings can be used, with 3nos 1 watt LEDs on each string and the LM317 mounted on a huge heatsink

    ReplyDelete
  46. Hello, I have five 5w LEDs I'd like to use together. Each one has a voltage drop rating from 6-7 and forward current of 700ma. Can you help me decide which resistors I need? I'd like to use the dime option too.

    ReplyDelete
  47. Hi, where do you want install them, or what supply voltage do you have for these LEDs

    ReplyDelete
  48. I'll be making a device as the above but on a heat sink with a small fan. It's a regular 12v motorcycle battery so it'll range anywhere from 12-14 volts. Thank you :)

    ReplyDelete
  49. OK great, in that case you can try the first circuit from the above article, use one LED on each string, so you will 5 strings for the 5 LEDs.

    use 8 ohms 5 watt resistor in series with each of the LEDs, and use 0.35 ohms 5 watt resistor for the LM338 output resistor

    ReplyDelete
  50. Thank you so much for your help! What if i wanted a dim switch? What would you recommend?

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  51. You are welcome....If dimming option is required then you could opt for the second circuit, and use a 1 ohm 5 watt for the other resistor associated with the dimmer switch.

    ReplyDelete

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