Knight Rider LED Chaser

The article discusses the construction details of the popular "knight rider" chaser circuit incorporating LEDs as well as mains operated bulbs through triacs. The proposed circuit is transformerless and is thus a lot compact and light weight.

The Circuit Concept


It's basically a light chaser or a running light effect generator circuit, quite resembling the effect produced over the popular "knight rider" car.





The circuit mainly comprises of IC 555 and the IC 4017 for implementing the required functions. The IC 555 is used to generate the clock pulses which is fed to the clock input of the IC 4017.

These clock pulses received from the IC555 is translated into a sequencing or chasing effect over the LEDs connected across the various outputs of the IC 4017.

In its normal mode the IC 4017 would have generated a simple start to end sequencing of the LEDs wherein the LEDs would have lit up and shut off one after the other in a sequencing pattern with a rate determined by the IC555 cock frequency, this would repeat continuously as long as the unit stays powered.

However in the proposed knight rider LED light chaser circuit, the output of the IC4017 is configured in a special way using a group of diodes which enable the output sequencing to produce a to and fro chasing of the connected LEDs, albiet through 6 LEDs only in contrast to 10 LEDs as in the normal mode.

How it Works


As can be seen in the first circuit diagram, the design produces a reverse forward moving effect of the LEDs in response to the clocks generated by the IC555 which is basically wired as an astable.

The frequency of this astable can be varied by adjusting the associated 500k pot which in turn influences the LED sequencing speed.

The entire circuit is powered via a compact transformerless power supply circuit thus avoiding the need of bulky transformers or costly SMPS.

This circuit can be also modified for illuminating mains operated bulbs by incorporating a few triacs in conjunction with the LEDs present at the outputs.

The second figure shows the complete arrangement where we can see 6 triacs being rigged across the output LED ends via 1 K resistors.

Again, this mains operated knight rider light chaser does not depend on bulky power supply stages rather employs a simple capacitive power supply for implementing the proposed running light or chasing LeD effect.

WARNING: THE CIRCUIT IS NOT ISOLATED FROM MAINS AC SUPPLY, THEREFORE IS EXTREMELY DANGEROUS TO TOUCH IN POWERED AND UNCOVERED CONDITION.





knight rider chaser LeD PCB

Video Clip:

https://www.youtube.com/embed/8A8tjt6o374

Knight Rider Circuit using 220V Mains Lamps









Knight Rider Chaser using 12V Bulbs


The above circuit can be also as effectively used for car installation by doing the following modifications to the above circuit. The circuit shows how the design can be used for illuminating 12V car automotive lamps.

Need Help? Please send your queries through Comments for quick replies!




Comments

Swagatam said…
check the 4017 circuit with a 12V DC adapter and see if the sequencing is working or not.
Swagatam said…
a cell phone charger output will also work for verifying the sequencing.
Swagatam said…
you will have to connect the triac MT1 and MT2 pins with AC mains supply and the bulbs as indicated in diagram.
request indicate c code for 12 led chaser for suitable pic with fading effect.comet tail
Swagatam said…
sorry i don't have it presently with me.
martino said…
I've made the 12V car version. I've only left out the leds before the mosfets. But it's not working. When I don't connect the positive wire going to the 22k resistor, port 8 and 4 of ic555 and to port 16 of ic4017. All the light are burning, but when i connect this positive wire nothing is working at all. Have you any idea what could be wrong and how i can check it?
Swagatam said…
that's weird, because without the positive supply connected the LEDs would never light up.
I think there's something terribly wrong with your connections or the components.

Separate the 555 and the 4017 stages....build and test them separately, once the results are confirmed you can try integrating them as per the diagram.
how many 5w 230v bulbs can be put in single triac in parrel? is there any triac for large watt handling?
Swagatam said…
100nos if the triac (BT136 etc) is mounted on a heatsink, for more bulbs you can try other higher rated triacs.
orrie Devil said…
sir
mene apka 2 no. circuit try kiya.lekin jo 12 v hai o kam nehi ker raha he.12 v adopter use kerne par sequence proper nehi a raha hey. plz help me sir...
Swagatam said…
try connecting 1k resistors across gate and ground of all the triacs.
orrie said…
sorry sir,
apne samay nikal kar mere prashna ka jabab diya,lekin kam ke bajese me try nehi kar saka.
aj mene try kiya led negetive se 1k lagaker GND se connect kiye.lekin 12v 2amp smps se sequence tut raha he. plz sir help me.
orrie said…
sir,
triac ke gate aur GND par 1k connact kene par sequence sahi arahahe thanks. lekin triac 100w bulb flash nehi ker rahaye. No.1 chanel se sirf flash ho raha he, lekin lumin kam ho raha he.
me ne 1k ke jaga 220E resistance se triac ke gate connect kiye,lekin No.1 chanel chor ke baki sab off he.lumin thora sa change huya lekin baki kam nehi ker raha he.
sir triac pin-1-T1.pin-2/tab-T2
pin-3-G.circuit me to is hisab se nehi he....sir plz help me.....
Swagatam said…
remove the shown capacitive power supply and try with a 12V adapter as the power supply and check the response..
orrie said…
sir
mene 12v 2amp adapter use kiya.led sequence sehi aarahahe.lekin triac kam nehi kerrahahe.no.1 chanel kam ker rahahe100w bulb lagane par lumin kam ho rahahe.baki ke 5 chanel off he.
Swagatam said…
connect a LED with 1k resistor from pin3 of IC555 to ground, it should flash, if it doesn't then the fault could be assumed to be in the 555 circuit, other wise the fault could be in your 4017 circuit....make sure all the LEDs at the gate of the triacs are connected correctly and illuminate for enabling the triacs to conduct.
orrie said…
thanks sir
circuit sahi se kam ker rahahe.1k ke badle mene 220E resrstor triac gate se connect ki ya aur apke bataye huye,1k resistor gate aur circuit GND se connect kerne par led sequence sahi a rahahe.aur triac proper kam ker rahahe.sab chanel 100w lamp se try kiya lumin sahi a raha he.
sir mene triac pin 1-A1 aur pin 2-A2 hisab se lagaya. thanks sir guide karne ke liye.
you r great........
Swagatam said…
Glad to know it's working, you are welcome Orrie!
basit momin said…
Sir on this circuit how much nos of 8mm or 5mm white leds can run
Swagatam said…
basit, divide the supply voltage with the LED forward voltage this will give you the number of LEDs that can be connected in series on each channel.
Curtis Lacey said…
Great article, thank you.
My question is can you reverse it, have the LEDs on all the time and the circuit shut them off in sequence.
Swagatam said…
thanks, that would be possible with a normal IC 4017/555 chaser circuit without the forward reverse facility....there you can achieve it by simply reversing the LED polarity....I am not sure how it could be done in the above circuits....may be by reversing all the diodes an LED polarity, but I am not very sure.
Hello sir
How i connect 1 W*5 LED to this circuit
Hello sir
How can I connect 1W*5 LED to above circuit
Swagatam said…
Hello Sandeep,

see the last circuit, you can replace the bulbs with the LEDs with a series resistor.

The mosfets can be replaced with a TIP 122 transistor as an alternative.

You can connect 3nos of 1 watt LEDs with a resistor on each transistor
Rakesh Maurya said…
Swagatam sir
the power of your circuit is wrong, it will not work, please you see in the 2nd picture
Swagatam said…
i have corrected it, please check it now....
Rakesh Maurya said…
i am telling you after check and i can prove it
and i am telling you that please check in circuit

capacitor, diode and Zener diode put in the wrong direction in your second picture circuit
Rakesh Maurya said…
You can see this circuit

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-dMDkZEDCRgQ/VjOgax-Z0UI/AAAAAAAAAHI/EdQTMEDiY_s/s720-Ut/PicsArt_1446217411251.jpg
Swagatam said…
The transistor stage is not required, the triacs can be driven directly from the IC, as shown in the second circuit
Rakesh Maurya said…
triac is fitted in the way your circuit but do not get that way for the entire supply triac and because of which fully AC supply cannot send. so will need to use transistors

now you make your circuit and used
and then some comment
Rakesh Maurya said…
Sir good finally you have improved in your second picture
but sir you need improve in circuit other part
Rakesh Maurya said…
सर जी क्या मैं C 0.47uf/400V की जगह पर कोई और C use कर सकता हूँ सर जी अगर कोई और C हो तो बता दो पर circuit के लिए सुरक्षी हो :-)
Swagatam said…
you can 105/400V cap
Rakesh Maurya said…
Thank you sir for help me
Rakesh Maurya said…
sir मैं इस प्रोजेक्ट से हट कर एक सवाल पूछ रहा हूँ क्या मैं BTA41,BT139 और BT136 को Thyristor (SCR) की तरह use कर सकता हूँ
Swagatam said…
Rakesh,
What exactly are you planning to make?

Aap kya banana chahte ho pehle wo batao
Swagatam said…
yes you can use triacs in place of SCRs in projects such as this:

https://homemade-circuits.com/2016/01/8-function-christmas-light-circuit.html
Rakesh Maurya said…
Thank you sir for help me
Rakesh Maurya said…
Dear sir how to make Triac Dimmer but operated by other circuit
Swagatam said…
Dear Rakesh, please explain more. which "other circuit"
Rakesh Maurya said…
Dear sir मेरे other circuit का कहने का मतलब है के दुसरे circuit द्वारा प्राप्त output voltage 0 से 0.8 DCV 200uA dimmer के लिए कम जादा कर सकते है जो की Triac को Triac Dimmer बनाने के लिए पर्याप्त नहीं है
तो मैं आपसे ये जानना चाहता हूँ triac को dimmer बनाने के लिए अभी कौन कौन से components की जरुरत पड़ेगी ?
Swagatam said…
Dear Rakesh.

0.8V will need to be amplified first with a 12V amplifier circuit or an optocoupler circuit....the output from this optocoupler can be used for driving the triac.

MOC3063 can be used for this.
Rakesh Maurya said…
Dear sir 240V AC में, मैं अगर सिर्फ एक 1N4007 diode का use न्यूटल या फेस कर तो मुझे output voltage कितना मिलेगा ?
Please tell me sir
Swagatam said…
dear Rakesh, the output will be 120V DC average, but the peak will be around 310V DC
Rakesh Maurya said…
Dear sir आपने जो output बताया है मुझे इसी voltage से BTA41 को ऑपरेट करना है कैसे करूँ कोई ऐसा हल बताइए जो circuit के लिए सेफ हो
Please sir
Swagatam said…
connect a 1k resistor to triac gate and then connect a 0.33uF/400V capacitor and connect this capacitor end with the 120V input....also connect a diode 1N4007 parallel with the capacitor....cathode will be towards the 120V source.
Rakesh Maurya said…
Dear sir please drow this circuit for me
please please sir i request you

My mail id rakeshmauryaup@gmail.com
Swagatam said…
It's very simple...connect 120V input with the band side of a 1N4007 diode, connect the other side of the diode with 1K resistor, connect the other end of the 1K with the SCR gate.

after this connect a 0.33uF/400V capacitor right on the leads of the 1N4007

Rakesh Maurya said…
मतलब आपके कहने का अर्थ है 1N4007 के output से 0.33uf/400v को जोड़ना है और फिर 0.33uf/400v के एक छोर से 1k जोड़ना है और फिर 1k से Triac gate को जोड़ना है ok sir
Swagatam said…
No, that's incorrect

...120V to 1N4007 (band side), then other end of 1N4007 to 1K, then 1K to SCR gate.

after this solder the 0.33uF/400V leads directly on the 1N4007 leads (1N4007 and 0.33uF are in parallel).
Rakesh Maurya said…
dear sir i have send you my circuit
on your email id
Swagatam said…
Dear Rakesh, I have sent the image, i forgot to put 1K with the gate of the triac, so please put 1K in series with the gate
Rakesh Maurya said…
Dear sir मैं आपसे कुछ इस तरह से Triac (BTA41) को Drive कर ने के लिए कह रहा था
मैंने आपके mail id पर दोबारा से image send किया है
क्रप्या इस image को देखे
Please Sir मुझे इसका हल बताइए
Rakesh Maurya said…
Dear sir आपके दिये हुवे second circuit image में main power supply का जो circuit है उसके जरिये MOC3021 drive करने के लिय कितने value के resistance की जरुरत पड़ेगी
और इस supply के जरिये हम एक साथ maximum कितने MOC3021 का use कर सकते है
Swagatam said…
Dear Rakesh, for driving the LED of the MOC you can use any resistor between 2.2K to 10K
Swagatam said…
I am not exactly sure how many you can drive with 50mA but 5 or 6 optocouplers could be used...
Rahul Shinde said…
sir I made 2nd circuit all 6 nos led chasing properly but triac doesn't switching output bulb continuously on condition. please help me to solve the problem.
Rahul Shinde said…
sir I made 2nd circuit led sequence working properly but triac doesn't switching all bulb are continuously ON. please help me to solve this problem.
Swagatam said…
Rahul, change all the 1K resistors with 220 ohm or 330 resistors and additionally connect 1K resistors between gate and ground of all the triacs and check the response
Swagatam said…
...the bulbs cannot be continuously ON, make sure the triacs are connected correctly...A1 must go towards the bulb side...
dev said…
Sir,can this circuit handle 10-14 diwali lights
dev said…
Pls post a circuit that can control 10-14 diwali lights with around 8-10 combination settings
Swagatam said…
what kind of light do you want to connect?
Dear Swagatam,

I have built the first circuit but without the high voltage part and the Zener diode.
It works fine at max. 5V

If I raise the voltage to above 5V the flashing of the LEDs becomes uncontrollable.

What do I need to change to use the circuit at 12V?

Thank you in advance,
Henrik
Swagatam said…
Hi Henrik, that shouldn't happen, because IC 555 and IC 4017 both are designed to work from 5V to 15V safely. THis can happen if the power supply has some issues, or if the power supply pot is not good.

try with a fixed 12V and see if the problem still persists.

or alternatively you can also try readjusting the IC 555 pot after increasing the voltage to the desired higher level
Dear Swagatam,

Thank you for your reply.
I have tried all your solutions but unfortunately with the same result.
I think it is weird because as you said the ICs are rated up to 15V.

Question:

Is it possible to build a small circuit without the use of a microprocessor for flickering some LEDs?
The flickering must simulate an arc welder, camp fire, candle light etc.?

Best regards,
Henrik
Swagatam said…
Dear Henrik, that's strange and not normal, because I have built many chaser circuits but never faced such an issue.

you can try the following single transistor flasher and use a smaller capacitor to make the oscillations look like sparking.

https://homemade-circuits.com/2011/12/how-to-make-single-transistor-led.html

you can use a while LED to make it more realistic, however the flashing might be consistent in nature and not abrupt like in actual arcing.



Ghulam Jilani said…
Please upload 220V drawing PCB layout with PCB size.
or E-mail:ghulamjilani36@gmail.com
thanks.
Swagatam said…
I will try to update if time permits....
Sir I new and I am intreste to make circuit as per diagram 2. But sir the capacitor 1uf as shown in diagram connected near ic 555 the voltage of capacitor is not given. Please provide what is the volt of 1uf capacitor.
Swagatam said…
Rajesh, the 1uF capacitor could be rated at 25V.

also make sure to connect 1K resistor across each of the triac gates and the negative supply line.
Thx a lot for quick response sir
Thx sir I have made that circuit and it works well.
Swagatam said…
that's great Rajesh, Congrats to you
Sir if possible kindly provide three channel circuit which run sequencly not randomly.
Swagatam said…
Rajesh, You can use any IC 555/4017 chaser circuit, connect the pin3,2,4 with the LEDs and connect pin15 with pin7
Jack said…
sir this transformerless cct is it possible to construct it and without connecting load is it possible to measure voltage on that zener diode without spoiling the zener?
Swag said…
jack, it is possible, you can refer to this article

https://homemade-circuits.com/cheap-yet-useful-transformerless-power/
jayanath said…
Dear sir
i want to make 12 bulb circuit, but my bulbs are much higher amperes about 30A. so,
IRFZ-14 is suitable for it? or any other one?
what is the gate opening voltage and current of BT136 and IRFZ14?
Swag said…
Jayanth, IRFZ14 will not work as it is rated at 10amps only, you must search for a 40 amp mosfet....
Swag said…
trigger voltage for mosfet is 12V, for BT136 is 3V, current is not so important

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