Cheapest SMPS Using MJE13005

The explained circuit in this article is probably the simplest and the cheapest, since it employs minimum number of components and the making of the circuit is very straightforward.

Simulation and Working

Generally SMPS topology involves some fixed standard stages and criteria. Thgey may be listed in the following manner:

The first stage which is the input stage incorporates an obvious mains rectifiers stage, followed a few important protection components.

The above protection components may be in the form of an MOV , or an NTC or both of these for suppressing high voltage transients.

The next stage involves a mosfet based IC in conjunction with the primary of a small transformer for generating the required oscillations.

The IC is normally a state-of -the-art chip having many in built features and abilities.

Further on the secondary of the transformer is clamped with the mosfet IC through a optocoupler which takes the responsibility of controlling the output voltage to a predetermined fixed level.

However the proposed circuit of a cheapest SMPS circuit is rather free from all these complications and employs a very simple configuration.

The input does not involve any protection, which is rather replaced with the snubber network around the transistor. Moreover the rugged MJE13055 is assumably strong enough to take on most the situations.

The two winding on the primary side are so arranged that on switch ON the circuit immediately starts oscillating at around 100 kHz.
The secondary winding typically decides the output voltage and here no optos or zeners are introduced for the sake of simplicity.

Having said that, the circuit  may be considered quite crude and therefore in some way might be vulnerable at some point of time in the long run.




Here's another identical  simple 220V SMPS circuit design you would like to investigate:



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Comments

Swagatam said…
Hi Kumar,
I am sorry, I don't have the exact specifications for the transformer
Abubaker Naseer said…
In this circuit Please tell me which Component you used for high frequency switching?
Swagatam said…
the transistor and the associated components.
Arshad pc said…
don't use 1N series at the output such diodes used for Low frequency rectification....u have to use fast recovery diode like UF5402(ultra fast diodes)...switching frequency of smps is in terms of kHz..mail me if you want efficient and cheap smps circuit design using BJT and mosfets..arspc8@gmail.com
Souvik Patra said…
can you explain the working please... i thought that the reservoir cap shud be between the ground and vcc of the primary.(hi voltage section i mean).. but here its btween the vcc and the transistor... :/
Swagatam said…
a filter capacitor may be added after the bridge, the capacitor you are referring to has a different function and is also crucial.
KHODAL DHAM said…
sir i want 24 volt 1 amp ckt in above ckt some suggestion plz..
thnks
Swagatam said…
Khodal, the above designs are not confirmed ones, instead you can try the following , but you will need to make a PCB for this:

https://homemade-circuits.com/2013/10/12v-24v-1-amp-mosfet-smps-circuit.html
sudhir hora said…
Hi,regards.i m designing a 5v 1amp smps can u pls help me to get some idea.i want to charge samsung phone.i opened a samsung charger it consist of 13003 transistor and one 5 pin smd very small part to drive 13003.it marked rf27.in another charger it marked in30 and another one marked in70.can u pls help me to make a fast charger
Swagatam said…
Hi, I could not find any info regarding the devices in30, in70, so can't suggest much, rather you could try the following design for getting identical results:

https://homemade-circuits.com/2014/02/220v-smps-cell-phone-charger-circuit.html
khem cabuga said…
Hello sir,

I hav noticed the 2nd schema, that it has a bridge rectifier both in input and output, it is in wrong configuration, and also in the collector of the transistor, the diode is reversed biased. Therefore this circuit wont work,

Sorry, just trying to help.
Swagatam said…
Hello khema, thanks for pointing it out, both the circuits were taken from some other site, these are not verified by me....yes the bridge configuration looks in the opposite direction for the second diagram, not sure why it's been configured in that way, I found it in one of the forums.
Kumar Saurabh said…
can you please give me the detail of transformer
Kumar Saurabh said…
can you please give the detail of transformer winding.
Swagatam said…
you can make it with the help of the inductance values given in the diagram...
Khurram Mateen said…
Hi I am Khurram Mateen kindly send me winding data
Maddy said…
Sir, i want to make smps with +12V, gnd & -12V. Is that possible? & if so, how to build the circuit? Plz provide me the circuit diagram...

Regards,
Mandar
Swagatam said…
Mandar, you can try extracting a center tap out from the secondary winding and get the required dual voltages .
sumeet197 said…
what is the output of above circuit, can be arjusted for 5v, 9v and 12v
Swagatam said…
yes you can do it by using 78XX regulator ICs
Maddy said…
Hi Swagatam,

I have a query regarding switching frequency..how can we select or calculate the freq. in flyback topology (upto 100W ) SMPS? I mean to say, in above ckt. which component is used for generating the switching freq.?
Swagatam said…
Hi Maddy, i can't suggest the formula immediately since I have not yet investigated the circuit deeply... but it's the base capacitor/resistor and the 47uH winding which are basically responsible for the frequency value..changing the value of any or all of these elements could cause variations in the frequency....
Maddy said…
Can u tell me, how to design transformer for smps?
Rahul anymation said…
How many turns are needed for primary and secondary? And can i use transformer which used in phone charger directly?
Swagatam said…
turn numbers are shown in the second diagram, click to enlarge it.

no you cannot use the phone charger trafo directly.
Sheraz Ahmad said…
Dear sir the output is not isolated form the main if we want to isolate secondary using pc 817 how will we connect it with feedback winding and secondary winding ???
Swag said…
Sheraz, the secondary is perfectly isolated from the primary....do you mean the primary is not linked to secondary for output control? you can do it by referring to other similar SMPS designs and by replicating the opto section
sheraz Ahmad said…
thanks sir. I have design an SMPS circuit for 12V, 2A as the design above you referred. but one problem with the output is that the output change with
changing load and the 2nd is that the output current of the transformer is not 2A but is less than it. i have used N0 = 84T(28SWG) for primary, N1 = 12T(28SWG) for feedback and N2 = 13T(25SWG) for winding the transformer. how can i get the required 12V, 2A with the above design?
Swag said…
Sheraz, current can be improved by using bifilar winding method..in this method instead of a single thick wire, many thin wires are wound together compactly. this allows better and efficient magnetic and current absorption...so you can also try this. instead of using single wire, use many thinner wires together and wind them tightly with the same turn numbers.
Saikat said…
I made the circuit of MJE13005. but the transistor is heated up in no load condition and after 10 min transistor burns out and the also some other component like rectfier etc are also damaged but the out voltage at starting time is arround 13 volt
Swag said…
OK how can I help you?????
Saikat said…
Please tell me the unit of 0.004 capacitor
Swag said…
It is uF, microFarad.
prashant said…
can i charge 6 volt battery from this circuit
Swag said…
you can by adjusting the output to 7V
prashant said…
thank you sir
Anonymous said…
Thanks for finally writing about >"Cheapest SMPS Using MJE13005" <Liked it!
Swagatam said…
Glad you liked it!
Anonymous said…
Very descriptive post, I loved that a lot.

Will there be a part 2?
Anonymous said…
Olá , eu quero de me inscrever no seu blog para ter atualizações frequentes !
Como posso fazer minha inscrição? Você pode me dar uma
mão?
Swagatam said…
Obrigado pelo seu interesse! Eu agradeço muito. Você pode usar o formulário de contato e enviá-lo para mim, você será automaticamente inscrito :)

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