Make Your Own Rapid Sea Water Desalination Plant at Home

A simple, low cost set up presented in this article will give you a clear idea regarding how to desalinate sea water at a fast rate and in large quantities.The conventional method of solar sea water desalination process is quite sluggish and cumbersome. A simple, low cost but effective idea presented here will show you how to desalinate sea water much efficiently.

A Simple Sea Water Desalination Apparatus

A simple and a low cost set up (Exclusively Developed By Me) as shown in the diagram should be able to convert sea water into fresh drinking water in large quantity, depending upon the size of the sphere.

The main feature of this system unlike other conventional ways is the fast conversion rate of waste water into fresh water.

Also, since the whole process is solar operated, cost incurred is zero. Another great advantage of this design is that it's not dependent on the position of the sun and will work throughout the day as effectively.

Let’s study how to desalinate sea water through a simple the set up: The system is basically made up of a large hollow glass sphere with a “T” shaped glass tube extension coming out of its top portion. The sphere is made up of solid glass at the bottom, up to the focal point of the sphere.

This base surface may be painted black to increase the efficiency of the unit. As can be seen in the diagram, the short vertical arm of the tube which extends upwards terminates into a funnel.

The funnel carries a valve in the form of a tap. The long horizontal arm is bent at 90 degrees and terminates inside the reservoir tank.

The whole set up is placed outdoors in an open area where clear sunlight is accessible throughout the day.

Sea water is poured through the funnel and the glass sphere is allowed to fill completely, only up to the circumference of the globe. Now the tap is closed.

How the Desalination System Works?

Rapid Sea Water Desalination Plant Design


Once the sphere is filled with water, it behaves like a big, solid and a powerful convex lens. In our childhood days we all have played with this amazing piece of lenses.

We have seen how it is able to focus and concentrate sun rays at one single point when placed at a particular angle under sunlight.

(Click Image to Enlarge) The created focal point is in fact a concentrated beam of the sun rays collected and deflected at a small point.

This point is very hot, and is able to produce burning effect over anything placed under it. The above principle has been simply exploited in the present design.

Without water the sphere is ineffective and will act just like a normal glass. The sunrays entering into it thus cannot generate much of a heat. But the moment it is filled with water, it is transformed into a big solid convex lens having a focal point exactly at its center.

Sun rays hitting the glass sphere are instantly refracted through the entire curvature of the filled water to reach exactly at the center.

Here the rays concentrate into single hot spot. Water at this point starts heating up instantly and the heat is gradually transferred to the whole mass of the filled water.

As the temperature rises, water molecules are converted into vapor. The water vapor formed, rise through the “T” shaped glass tube and the reservoir tank.

The tank being relatively much cooler helps in converting the received water vapor into clean, drinkable water* (see comments) on its roof.

Water molecules accumulated on the roof of the reservoir tank slowly gather to form water drops which ultimately fall into the tank and pure water is thus collected inside the tank.

This water is absolutely pure, and free from viruses, bacteria or dust particles. The efficiency of this apparatus will decrease if the filled water is murky or muddy.

Because in such a case the focal point will be comparatively dull and won’t be able to create enough heat. The above method should have certainly made you understand regarding how to desalinate sea water simply and efficiently.

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Comments

irfan hossain said…
How can i make a RO system for desalination at home easily ?have u any idea?...
Swagatam said…
sorry i do not have idea regarding RO systems.
yousef alotay said…
A demester layer above heated sea water should contribute reduces salty droplet carrying over to Reservoir tank.
Swagatam said…
OK, thanks for the input!
thewanderlust said…
Hi Swagatam,

This certainly seems to be a very good idea. Would like to go into more details of this.
Will it be possible for me to get in touch with you?

Regards
Sameer
Swagatam said…
Thank you Sameer,

You can also read the following article which shows an alternative method of achieving the same, but in a more efficient way:

https://homemade-circuits.com/2015/09/make-free-drinking-water-from-sea-water.html

Please feel free to contact me at:

admin @ homemade-circuits.com
LymeThrive said…
Unclear regarding how much to fill sphere.Fill to top or to middle?
Swagatam said…
it should be full from the top,

the inner bottom concave surface of the dome could be made mirror finish so that this issue is permanently solved.
Sirvglam said…
Can I share this article?
Unknown said…
Seems like this tech is no outdated. Try doing a search for "large scale solar desalination" and you will see why...
Swagatam said…
it needs to be extremely cheap, extremely effective and within layman's reach
Talon p.s. said…
quick question,
Provided a person could find the necessary equipment to do this, (thinking along the lines of an event that would decimate drinking water) Approx. how many times do you think the aparatice would work before clouded out by the salt which doent disappear, but would remain inside the heating cyphere? Thanks in advance.

Okay another question, (since realisticly if someone were under such harsh conditions, a local lab supplier is not likely to available), What alternative items would you consider to build the apparatise? I can imagine a coffee pot being used and a fish tank for the resevoir, but how could they be attached to creat the T tubing. Thanks again.
govind rajan said…
after water become stream it flows through the pipe towards the reservior tank.but the salt still intact with the stream,so salt never been removed from water.atually in sea the sun rays evoporate the seawater as stream that goes up and form the cloud., the distance between the seawater and cloud is appriciable ,the sea wind remove the salt from the stream.but in ur project the stream never been exposed to wind and the salt and florid neverbeen removed completly .ultimately the water from the reservior tank is not drnikable.is it?

thoomsati@gmail.com
Swagatam said…
salt cannot evaporate with water molecules, salt will remain in the flask and only water molecules will evaporate and pass through the tube and finally condense in the reservoir tank.
Craig said…
Dear Sir,
I am emailing from Cape Town. Cape Town (about 4 million people) has less than 100 days water left at 1 Feb 2018.
Please can I ask about your brilliant home desalinsation plant? I live near the sea.
Where would I get the correct glass sphere? Must it be round like a ball or oval? What size or type of opening should the sphere have at the top?
Just trying to think of the best type of supplier to source the glass sphere?
Is it best that the other components are glass?
I am keen to try build your desalinization plant, but just want to get a feel for the correct components?
Especially the size and shape of the sphere and where best to source it?
Thank you so much for sharing your knowledge and invention.
Kind regards Craig Cape Town email address as below :) :)
Swag said…
Dear Craig, I think glass sphere method has too many limitations, first of all you cannot desalinate large amounts of water at one go, and being glass it could be vulnerable to damages.

Instead you could try the following concept

https://homemade-circuits.com/make-free-drinking-water-from-sea-water/

this one will be much more effective
Craig said…
Dear Swagatam,
Thank you very much for your time and valuable guidance.
I am not a technical person so I am trying to find ways to understand evaporation and condensation and then how to speed up process. It is said 97% of water on Earth is sea water. To change sea water into fresh water cheaply would make a huge difference. Easier said than done. I see some researchers at Alexandria University have made some interesting discovery re converting sea water into fresh water. All the best and thank you so much for your valuable guidance :) :) Craig Cape Town
Swag said…
You are most welcome Craig!

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